promise pipelining

8.21: news.adda/co/promises/wiki brings understanding:
. yahoo!, this wiki page finally made sense of promises
as exemplified by e-lang's tutorial
which graphically showed things incorrectly;
so that unless you ignored the diagram
you couldn't possibly make sense of the tutorial .
[8.30: ### the following is just my
version of that page, not a working tutorial ###]

t1 := x`a();
t2 := y`b();
t3 := t1`c(t2);
. "( x`a() ) means to send the message a()
asynchronously to x.
If, x, y, t1, and t2
are all located on the same remote machine,
a pipelined implementation can compute t3 with
one round-trip instead of three.
[. the original diagram showed all involved objects
existing on the client's (caller's) node,
not the remote server's;
so, you'd have to be left wondering
how is the claimed pipelining
possible for t1`c(t2)
if the temp's t1, and t2
are back at the caller's?! ]
Because all three messages are destined for
objects which are on the same remote machine,
only one request need be sent
and only one response
need be received containing the result.
. the actual message looks like:
do (remote`x`a) and save as t1;
do (remote`y`b) and save as t2;
do (t1`c(t2)) using previous saves;
and send it back .
Promise pipelining should be distinguished from
parallel asynchronous message passing.
In a system supporting parallel message passing
but not pipelining,
the messages x`a() and y`b()
in the above example could proceed in parallel,
but the send of t1`c(t2) would have to wait until
both t1 and t2 had been received,
even when x, y, t1, and t2 are on the same remote machine.
. Promise pipelining vs
pipelined message processing:
. in Actor systems,
it is possible for an actor to begin a message
before having completed
processing of the previous message.
[. this is the usual behavior for Ada tasks;
tasks are very general, and the designer of one
can make a task that does nothing more than
collect and sort all the messages that get queued;
and then even when it accepts a job,
it can subsequently requeue it .]