The Aurora language was created by Chris Granger,
who also built the Light Table IDE.
Chris outlines the motivation for Aurora
in his post Toward a better programming:
.some of the goals are to make programming
more observable, direct, and reduce incidental complexity.
For more info, be sure to see Bret Victor's incredible talks:
Inventing on Principle, Media for Thinking the Unthinkable,
and Learnable Programming.