newspeak for Strongtalk

12.26: adda/arch/newspeak for strongtalk:

Bracha, a proponent of pluggable types,
was concerned that it weakened security
to rely on datatypes rather than
use oop`ducktyping everywhere .
. datatypes make several leaps of faith:
# the compiler has correctly analyzed
the program's compliance to type compatibility;
# the compiler's optimizations
still maintain this compliance;
# changes to the environment don't bedevil
assumptions required by this compliance .]

. Bracha, a proponent of Strongtalk
(smalltalk with pluggable types)
has moved on to Newspeak
but expects a pluggable typesystem
can be integrated later .
. Newspeak's most notable difference
seems to be capability-based security (cap's);
let's review what that does
compared to oop's ducktyping .

. oop's ducktyping calls turned
anything like f(x)
into x`type-mgt( operation:f, arg:x),
and x's type-mgt provides this service
for anyone who asks;
ie, if the current account can use x,
then any app running under that account
has permission to use x;
[12.29: whereas,
cap's are object-specific permissions:
an object accepts a call only if
the caller possesses a permission that
# specifies that object, and
# doesn't preclude the requested operation .
. a process starts out with no cap's
except those needed to remain functional:
it can accept arg's, return results,
and modify its own local mem allotment .
. other capabilities require
special permission provided by employers
(the user, admin, or os kernel).]

12.26: caller id:
. cap's are giving each app their own id,
so that cap'based calls would also involve
the caller id; [12.29:
it includes the concept of caller id;
like so:
cap's are awarded to particular id's,
and they are non-transferable;
so, then cap's are essentially a tuple:
(caller id, allowed object, allowed operations) .]

12.27: adda`plans:
. cap's can be controlled by
the run-time supervisor
instead of the current object's type-mgt .
. after the user has set limits on each app;
these become part of process records
(owned by supervision's task mgt),
and all attempts by a process
to communicate with others,
becomes a function of the capabilities:
eg, instead of asking to access the file system,
a process says things like,
"( let me modify the portion of filesystem
pointed at by my process record's writableFiles cap' .)
"( let me read all files within
my process record's readableFiles cap' ).